Queen Elizabeth II has approved the U.K. government’s request to suspend Parliament amid a growing crisis over Brexit.
The move was not unexpected, as the monarch has steadfastly refused to get involved in politics throughout her long reign.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson spoke to the queen on Wednesday to request an end to the current Parliament session in September.
Opposition lawmakers contend that he wants to limit the ability of lawmakers to come up with legislation to block a no-deal Brexit.
The queen is the head of state and is politically neutral. She acts on the advice of her government in political matters.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson asked the Queen to suspend the UK Parliament from mid-September, a move that would shorten the time available to lawmakers to block a no-deal Brexit. The decision was immediately decried by critics as a “constitutional outrage.”
Parliament would be “prorogued” until October 14, the Prime Minister said in a statement. Brexit is due to happen on October 31, and Johnson has promised the UK will leave the European Union on that date with or without a deal.
Members of Parliament (MPs) are due to return from a summer break on September 3, and the government’s move means they will effectively have around a week to pass any legislation to prevent a no-deal Brexit.
Johnson’s plan will be considered at a meeting of the Privy Council at the Queen’s Balmoral estate, according to reports. The Queen would have to formally approve the request.
British governments usually arrange for a new parliamentary session to begin every year. New sessions start with a Queen’s Speech, which outlines the government’s legislative priorities for the session. But former Prime Minister Theresa May allowed the previous session to drag on, as she repeatedly attempted to persuade lawmakers to pass her Brexit deal.
John Bercow, the Speaker of the House of Commons, called the latest maneuverings a “constitutional outrage.”
“It is blindingly obvious that the purpose of prorogation now would be to stop Parliament debating Brexit and performing its duty in shaping a course for the country,” said Bercow, whose role as speaker requires him to remain politically impartial at all times.
“Shutting down Parliament would be an offense against the democratic process and the rights of Parliamentarians as the people’s elected representatives.”
‘Do or Die’
During the televised interview on Wednesday, Johnson denied that he was seeking to prevent Parliament from limiting his Brexit plans.
“That is completely untrue. If you look at what we’re doing, we’re bringing forward a new legislative program,” he said.
“We need to get on with our domestic agenda and that is why we are announcing a Queen’s Speech for October 14,” Johnson.
In a letter to lawmakers, the Prime Minister said Parliament “will have the opportunity to debate the Government’s overall program, and approach to Brexit, in the run up to EU Council, and then vote on this on 21 and 22 October, once we know the outcome of the Council.”
Johnson is demanding that the EU reopens the Brexit agreement, which European leaders have been reluctant to do.
However, “should I succeed in agreeing a deal with the EU, Parliament will then have the opportunity to pass the Bill required for ratification of the deal ahead of 31 October,” Johnson wrote.
But his “do or die”‘ position on Brexit has prompted a number of UK opposition party leaders to agree on a strategy to avert a no-deal Brexit on Tuesday.
Options include “the possibility of passing legislation and a vote of no confidence,” according to a joint statement from the UK’s Labour Party, SNP, Liberal Democrats, Plaid Cymru, the Green Party and the Independent Group for Change.
The announcement sent the pound falling around 1% against the dollar and left opposition politicians, as well as some ruling Conservative party members, furious about the move.
“Unless MPs come together to stop him next week, today will go down in history as a dark one indeed for UK democracy,” Scotland First Minister Nicola Sturgeon wrote on Twitter.
“We do not have a ‘new government’. This action is an utterly scandalous affront to our democracy. We cannot let this happen,” Deputy Labour leader Tom Watson tweeted.
Green MP Caroline Lucas called Johnson “cowardly” on Twitter, while Conservative lawmaker Philip Hammond called it “profoundly undemocratic.”
“It would be a constitutional outrage if Parliament were prevented from holding the government to account at a time of national crisis. Profoundly undemocratic,” Hammond, a former finance minister, tweeted.
Currently, Johnson has a parliamentary majority of one. This makes him vulnerable to losing a vote of no-confidence. While bringing down his government wouldn’t automatically stop a no-deal Brexit, it could trigger a series of events that leads to him requesting a Brexit extension.
Democratic Unionist party leader Arlene Foster, whose party props up the minority Conservative government, welcomed the news on Wednesday.
“This has been the longest Parliamentary Session since the Union of England and Scotland in 1707,” she told the UK’s Press Association news agency.
“We welcome the decision to hold a Queen’s Speech marking the start of a new session of Parliament.”
The timing of the Queen’s Speech is flexible, but it usually happens in the spring, marking the beginning of a new parliamentary session.
Queen Elizabeth II reads out the speech, written by the government, during a special ceremony in the House of Lords.